Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages within the Indian subcontinent. Apart from that, communities all over the world speak it. In total virtually 4 million people, speak the Urdu language.
A number of factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The 4 most necessary of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Army who belonged to different nations. The word ‚Urdu‘ itself means’Army‘.To speak with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
Nevertheless, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Truly, the language was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In those instances, speaking Urdu turned one of many trendiest things. Quickly the Hindu population too started to speak it, by together with many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu through poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent had been very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the primary man who tried Urdu poetry in the thirteenth century. It was a huge success. However, for another century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and nineteenth century, poets gave a significant enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Aside from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu through prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel did not turn out to be a trend. The main reason is that the Royals had been never interested within the reading. Nevertheless, after the decline of Mughals and in the period of the British, a very clever man tried to write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the truth that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel grew to become an enormous success. Even at present the novel is well-liked and in demand. In fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed can be called the first and the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu via journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nevertheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. In reality, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. In order that they started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with concentrate on the present affairs and political satires.
These magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s needless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed quite a bit to the mental awakening of the people of the subcontinent.
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