Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Apart from that, communities all over the world speak it. In total nearly 4 million individuals, speak the Urdu language.
A number of factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most important of all of the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Military who belonged to different nations. The word ‚Urdu‘ itself means’Military‘.To communicate with one another fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
However, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Really, the language was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In these occasions, speaking Urdu grew to become one of the trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu via poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent were very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry in the thirteenth century. It was an enormous success. However, for another century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a serious enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in each way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay month-to-month stipends to the poets. Other than that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu quick story or novel did not turn out to be a trend. The most important reason is that the Royals have been by no means interested within the reading. Nevertheless, after the decline of Mughals and within the period of the British, a really clever man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the person was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the truth that it was the primary novel of Urdu, the novel became a huge success. Even in the present day the novel is well-liked and in demand. In actual fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed can be called the primary and probably the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu by way of journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nevertheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. In actual fact, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. In order that they started month-to-month, bimonthly, and weekly digest with focus on the present affairs and political satires.
These magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It is wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed so much to the mental awakening of the folks of the subcontinent.
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