Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Apart from that, communities everywhere in the world speak it. In total almost 4 million people, speak the Urdu language.
A number of factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most essential of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Army who belonged to totally different nations. The word ‚Urdu‘ itself means’Military‘.To communicate with one another fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
However, very quickly the language reached to the Royal courts. Truly, the language was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals additionally liked it. In these occasions, speaking Urdu turned one of many trendiest things. Soon the Hindu inhabitants too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu by means of poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent have been very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the primary man who attempted Urdu poetry within the 13th century. It was a huge success. Nevertheless, for another century nobody prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and nineteenth century, poets gave a serious increase to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in each way. They used to hold Mushairas in their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Apart from that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu via prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu brief story or novel did not change into a trend. The major reason is that the Royals have been never interested in the reading. Nonetheless, after the decline of Mughals and within the period of the British, a very intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the truth that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel became an enormous success. Even at this time the novel is popular and in demand. In actual fact, Deputy Nazir Ahmed could be called the first and the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu through journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nonetheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. Actually, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. In order that they started month-to-month, bimonthly, and weekly digest with give attention to the current affairs and political satires.
Those magazines additionally had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed a lot to the mental awakening of the folks of the subcontinent.
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